trees from seeds are generally slow
growers, not usually ready for the ground
until one or two years old.All
of these trees are at or beyond that age, and
ready for the ground.
-Plant out during
periods when ground is kept moist from rain
for the first few weeks or more.
-Do not plant out
during droughts unless daily hand watering can
-Plant at least
10 feet away from the base of large trees
(like big ohiʻa).
tree-ferns is perfect.
-For sunny dry
places, use materials that will hold water
longer during droughts, while also providing
aeration and drainage.
places, adding cinders into the soil will
provide better aeration and drainage.
mediums used in these native plants
vary.The variance is not species specific.Instead,
is simply due to my changing away from mineral
soils like cinder and perlite, switching over
to more renewable materials such as coconut
fiber. None of the materials are nutrient rich
on their own.Fertilize
potted plants periodically, less often when
they are in the ground.
with: organic soil amendments (manure or
compost), synthetic slow-release beads 3 or 4
times per year, or by watering with water
soluble all-purpose plant food 1 or 2 times
species can be planted in direct sun,
but may need daily watering for several weeks.Partial-shade
or under the cover of larger plants is best.Plants
will become more sun-tolerant as they mature.
species are best planted in full or
partial shade, light filtered by nearby taller
plants.Be sure they stay moist for several
control:Many things like to eat young
native tree foliage.Slugs,
walking sticks, mites, leaf miners to name a
is usually minimal, but sometimes it can be
severe.Visually inspect plant, especially the
undersides of leaves and along stems, to find
the cause.If nothing, try again in an hour or
more after sunset with headlamp.Hand
picking or leaf cleaning usually resolves the
issue for insects and mold.Don’t
handle slugs without gloves or tools. For
severe infestations once the cause is known,
visit a garden shop to find the best solution.
Island Plants ® are started under cover of
plastic or shade without doors.Sometimes
birds will drop weed seeds into the pots.If
something other than the tree starts growing
in the container, it is most often a weed.The
most common of those you might see are:
various grasses and sedges, garden cress,
oxalis, poha and popolo berry starts.Sometimes,
if you’re lucky, ohi‘a!