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Big Island Plants 

Hawaii Native Plants  -  Endemic and Indigenous

Species occasionally grown by Big Island Plants

Hawaiian Name

Scientific name



`A`ALI`I (Lei Plant)
Naturalized range: Ka`u - Puna

Dodonaea viscosa
‘Ae‘ae
 Bacopa monnieri
‘Āhinahina

Artemisia mauiensis
‘Ahu‘awa (for cordage)
Mariscus javanicus
`AKALA (Hawaiian Raspberry)
Native range:  Volcano region

Rubus hawaiensis
`AKIA (Rainforest Tree)
Native range:  Volcano - Glenwood

Wikstroemia sandwicensis
Native range:  Ka`u - Kona

Wikstroemia phillyreifolia
Native range:  Windward Wet Forests

Peperomia sp.
Alahe‘e  - FLOWERING SHADE TREE FOR WARM ENVIRONMENTS
 Native Range: Hawaii, Micronesia, South Pacific

Canthium odoratum
`AWA (Indigenous Beverage)
Native range:  Polynesia

Piper methysticum
::General Sizes::
0 = 2" to 4" containers, plant sizes vary, up to 8" tall
1 = "gallon" size, 6"-7" container,
plants 1 year or more, 8" to 3' tall
2 = "2-gallon" container, plants 2 or more years, near mature or mature, 2' to 4'
3 = Larger than 2-gallon, plants usually "landscape-ready" 5+ years old, 3' or taller
‘Ena‘ena
Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium
Hāhā
Cyanea pilosa
Hame

Antidesma platyphyllum
HAPU'U (Native Tree Ferns)
Native range:  ISLANDWIDE

Cibotium glaucum
HOAWA (Native Mesic Tree)
Native range:  Leeward Hawaii dry forests

Pittosporum hosmeri
Hoi  - a native vine
Native range:  Wet & mesic forests throughout Hawaii

Smilax melastomifolia
Native range:  Dry to Mesic Upland Forests throughout Hawaii

Santalum paniculatum
Ilihia (rainforest ground dweller)
Native range:  Upland Puna, Volcano

Cyrtandra platyphylla
‘Ilima
Sida fallax
KANAWAO (Hawaiian Hydrangia)
Native range:  Volcano - Glenwood


Broussaisia arguta
Native range:  Volcano region

Ilex anomala
KOA (Largest Native Tree)
Naturalized range: Volcano GCCC - Ka`u

Acacia koa
Koki‘o
Hawaii Native, orange hibiscus

Hibiscus saintjohnianus
Koki‘o kea
Hawaii Native, light pink hibiscus

Hibiscus arnottianus
Kōlea lau nui
Myrsine lessertiana
Kōlea lau li‘i
Myrsine sandwicensis
KO`OKO`OLAU (Dryland Hawaiian Tea)
Naturalized range: Puna - Ka`u

Bidens hawaiensis
KOPIKO-ULA
Native -  range: Islandwide Hawaii + Molokai and Maui

Psychotria hawaiiensis
Kukui

Aleurites moluccana
Loulu

Pritchardia beccariana
Makaloa
Cyperus laevigatus
MAMAKI (Rainforest Hawaiian Tea)
Native range:  ISLANDWIDE

Pipturus albidus
Native range:  Drier areas than Red-Vein (common) Mamaki

Pipturus albidus
MAMANE (Dryland Color)
Native range: Volcano GCCC - Ka`u

Sophora chrysophylla
MANONO (Small forest tree)
Native range:  Volcano - Glenwood

Kadua terminalis (Hedyotis tree)

Kadua centranthoides
(Hedyotis crawling liana)
Ma‘o hauhele (Native Hibiscus Yellow)
Native range:  Leeward Hawaii Island

Hibiscus brackenridgei
Milo

Thespesia populnea
MINT - LARGE-LEAVED HAWAII NATIVE
Native range: Windward Hawaii Island


Phyllostegia macrophylla
Mint - Small leafed "Volcano Stenogyne"
Mesic to wet-forests especially moist to boggy areas on Hawaii island

Stenogyne calaminthoides
NAIO
Native range:  Hi-elevation Puna & Ka`u

Myoporum sandwicense
Naupaka kahakai
beach naupaka

Scaevola taccada
NAUPAKA (Kuahiwi)
Native range:  Volcano - Glenwood

Scaevola chamissoniana
Nehe
Endemic to Kure, Laysan, Hawaiian islands coastal areas

Lipochaeta integrifolia
Neneleau
Native range:  Puna, Hilo, Hamakua

Rhus sandwicensis
`OHA WAI NUI (Native Clermontia)
Native range:  Volcano - Glenwood

Clermontia hawaiensis
`OHA WAI (Native Clermontia)
Native range:  Volcano - Glenwood

Clermontia montis-loa
`OHA WAI (Native Clermontia)
Native range:  Volcano - Glenwood

Clermontia parviflora
`OHELO `AI
(Dryland shrub - Native Cranberry)
Native range:  Hi-elevation dry landscapes, deserts Hawai`i

Vaccinium calycinum
`OHELO KAU LA`AU
(Rainforest Tree - Native Cranberry)
Native range:  Volcano - Glenwood

Vaccinium calycinum
`OHI`A LEHUA (Predominant Native Canopy Species)
Native range:  ISLANDWIDE

Metrosideros polymorpha
`OLAPA (Native Bird Favorite)
Native range: Hawaii Rainforests - Volcano

Cheirodendron trigynum
Olomea
High-elevation ornamental, honeybee favorite

Perrottetia sandwicensis
‘Ōpelu

Lobelia hypoleuca
PA`INIU (ground cover, orange berries)
Native range:  Volcano region

Astelia menziesiana
Native range:  Ka`u & Elsewhere

Pisonia brunoniana
PAWALE (Rainforest Color, Diversity)
Native range:  Volcano region

Rumex giganteus
PAWALE (Dryland shrub)
Native range:  Ka`u and Elsewhere

Rumex skottsbergii
PILO (Mesic forest Diversity)
Native range:  Puna, Ka`u

Coprosma ochracea
PILO (Rainforest Color)
Native range:  Volcano region

Coprosma pubens
Pōhinahina

Vitex rotundifolia
Native range:  Higher elevation forests islandwide

Phytolacca sandwicensis
`UHALOA (La`au plant)
Native range:  Polynesia

Waltheria indica
Native range:  Wet areas high elevation

Machaerina angustifolia
`UKI / `AHANIU (Blue hue Forest Sedge)
Native range:  Wet areas mid elevation


Machaerina mariscoides
`UKI `UKI (Blue Colored Fruits)
Native range:  Polynesia

Dianella sandwicensis
‘Uki ‘uki - violet fruited

Dianella sandwicensis
`ULEI (White Colored Fruits)
Native range:

Osteomeles anthyllidifolia



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.. 2017.1008

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A woman-owned small business registered in the state of Hawaii

Volcano - Puna, Hawaii